2018 WWII Battle Scenario Background
The Ruhr Pocket was a battle of encirclement that took place in
late March and early April 1945 in the Ruhr Area of Germany. It marked the end
of major organized resistance on the Western Front of Europe during WWII.
In March 1945, the Allies crossed the Rhine River. General Omar Nelson Bradley's
U.S. 12th Army Group's pursuit of the disintegrating German army resulted in the
capture of the Ludendorff Bridge across the Rhine at Remagen. Bradley and
his subordinates quickly exploited the crossing made on March 7, 1945, and
expanded the bridgehead until the bridge collapsed 10 days later.
North of the Ruhr on March 23, 1945, Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery's
Anglo-Canadian 21st Army Group which incorporated the US Ninth Army launched
Operation Plunder with the airborne Operation Varsity in support crossing the
Rhine at Rees and Wesel. Operation Varsity involved more than 16,000
paratroopers and several thousand aircraft and was the largest airborne
operation in history to be conducted on a single day in one location.
Having crossed the Rhine, both Army groups fanned out into the German
hinterland. In the south, while the Third Army headed east, the First Army
headed northeast and formed the southern pincer of the Ruhr envelopment. In the
north, the U.S. Ninth Army, which since the Battle of the Bulge had been
assigned to Field Marshal Montgomery's 21st Army Group, headed southeast,
forming the northern pincer, while the rest of the 21st Army Group went east and
Facing the Allied armies were the remnants of a shattered Wehrmacht, a few SS
training units, and large numbers of Volkssturm (militia units for aging men,
including some World War I veterans) and Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) units,
composed of boys as young as 12.
Lead elements of the two Allied pincers met on April 1, 1945,
near Lippstadt. By April 4, the encirclement was completed and the Ninth Army
reverted to the command of General Bradley's 12th Army Group. Within the Ruhr
Pocket about 370,000 German soldiers of Army Group B, which comprised 21
divisions of the Wehrmacht, and millions of civilians were trapped in cities
heavily damaged by numerous bombings.
While the main operations headed further toward central and northern Germany,
American forces concentrated on the pocket, taking it section by section. On
April 12, 1945, the U.S. First and Ninth Armies divided the area coming from the
south; the smaller, eastern part surrendered the next day. The western part
continued a weak resistance until late April 1945.
If you are a reenactor or even a veteran that would like
to participate in this unique scenario we urge you to contact
who is coordinating this scenario. If you
are a WWII Veteran would like to share your experience with the public, please contact
The Scenario Plan at the 2018 Event (Forthcoming)